If goods are stored in cartons, crates and boxes, they should be bundled into appropriate sizes by using receptacles. These sizes should enable easy loading and unloading. If possible, they should be packed in the palletized units that enable them to be handled by a forklift truck.
When goods are palletized, any part of the goods should be within the bonds of the pallet, since parts exceeding the bonds of the pallet will easily incur damages during handling and transportation.
The surface of the package should be leveled to allow stacking.
If the sides are not perfectly flushed with the pallet base, gaps between pallets should be filled using additional measures.
Cargoes other than cartons and boxes such as drums, barrels, etc., should be packed using similar principles. Surfaces should be leveled to allow stacking. Sides should be flushed to prevent damages to the goods placed next to them. Otherwise, additional dunnage – cushioning material like wood planks, plastic foam, or paper boards – should be used to ensure proper protection against damages. The sides of the load should provide enough friction to prevent it from sliding against other loads.